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Impacted Wisdom Teeth Diagnosis

Embedded wisdom teeth

Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Impacted wisdom teeth, also known as third molars, are a common dental issue that can cause discomfort and complications if left untreated. In this article, we will explore the symptoms, causes, risk factors, complications, prevention, diagnosis, treatment, management of asymptomatic wisdom teeth, surgery for wisdom tooth extraction, and recovery process.


Impacted teeth do not always cause noticeable symptoms. However, some common signs include:

  • Pain or tenderness in the back of the mouth.
  • Swelling around the jaw.
  • Difficulty opening the mouth.
  • Red or swollen gums.
  • Bad breath.
  • Difficulty chewing or biting.


Wisdom teeth become impacted when they do not have enough space to emerge properly through the gums. This can occur due to various reasons, including:

  • Crowding of teeth in the mouth.
  • Angle of eruption.
  • Size and shape of the jaw.
  • Genetics.

Risk Factors:

Several factors can increase the risk of developing impacted wisdom teeth, such as:

  • Age: Wisdom teeth typically emerge between the ages of 17 and 25.
  • Genetics: A family history of impacted teeth may increase the likelihood of experiencing the same problem.
  • Jaw size: Individuals with smaller jawbones may be more prone to impaction.
  • Poor oral hygiene: Inadequate dental care can contribute to gum disease and impaction.


If left untreated, impacted wisdom teeth can lead to various complications, including:

  • Infection.
  • Damage to adjacent teeth.
  • Formation of cysts or tumors.
  • Misalignment of surrounding teeth.
  • Sinus issues.


Although it may not be possible to completely prevent impacted teeth, maintaining good oral hygiene practices can help reduce the risk. Regular dental checkups and x-rays can also aid in early detection and intervention.


A dentist can diagnose impacted wisdom teeth through a physical examination and X-rays to determine their position and condition beneath the gums.


Treatment for impacted wisdom teeth depends on the severity of the condition and the presence of symptoms. Options include:

  • Monitoring: If the impacted teeth are not causing any problems, the dentist may recommend regular monitoring.
  • Extraction: Surgical removal of the impacted teeth may be necessary if they are causing pain, infection, or other complications.

Management of Asymptomatic Wisdom Teeth:

For impacted wisdom teeth without symptoms, regular dental check-ups are essential to monitor their condition and detect any changes.

Surgery for Wisdom Tooth Extraction:

Surgical extraction involves making an incision in the gums to access the impacted tooth and remove it safely.


Following wisdom tooth extraction, patients may experience some swelling and discomfort, which can be managed with pain medication and proper oral hygiene practices. Full recovery typically takes about a week.

In conclusion, impacted wisdom teeth can cause discomfort and complications, but with timely diagnosis and proper treatment, you can minimize the associated risks and preserve your oral health. If you suspect you have this condition, consult your dentist for a personalized evaluation and care.

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